ERIC Number: ED394333
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jan-11
Reference Count: N/A
Early Modern Language Learning: Conditions of Success.
A language education specialist who has studied elementary school second language programs, primarily in France but also in other European countries, outlines the factors he has found contributing to program success and makes recommendations for further development of second language education in Europe. Seven conditions for effective programs of foreign language in the elementary school (FLES) include: (1) well-trained teachers, competent in both the target language and teaching techniques; (2) established provision of pedagogical support in the form of inservice training; (3) adequate scheduling; (4) suitable teaching materials; (5) continuity; (6) liaison between elementary and secondary education; and (7) integrated evaluation and quality control. It is argued that early second language programs not only have potential for success, but are also highly recommended to develop the bilingual skills needed in a unified Europe. The Bulgarian example of bilingual secondary education is described. Thorough language teaching reform in each country is recommended, perhaps beginning with a network of bilingual schools, elementary and secondary, in each region where conditions for success exist, with later expansion. It is also proposed that a broad variety of second languages be taught. A list of questions for group discussion is appended. (MSE)
Descriptors: Articulation (Education), Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, FLES, Foreign Countries, Instructional Materials, Multilingualism, Program Design, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Scheduling, Second Language Learning, Second Languages, Teacher Qualifications, Time Factors (Learning)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Cultural Cooperation, Strasbourg (France).
Identifiers: Bulgaria; Europe; France
Note: Background paper for the Educational Research Workshop on the Effectiveness of Modern Language Learning and Teaching (Graz, Austria, March 5-8, 1996).