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ERIC Number: ED390891
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Jul
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Interplay of Evidence and Consequences in the Validation of Performance Assessments. Research Report.
Messick, Samuel
Authentic and direct assessments of performances and products are conceptualized in terms of multiple distinctions having implications for validation. These include contrasts between performances and products, between assessment of performance per se and performance assessment of competence or other constructs, between structured and unstructured problems and response modes, between decomposed task skills and complex task performance, and between contextualized and decontextualized knowledge and skill. The concepts of "authenticity" and "directness" of assessment are analyzed as promissory validity claims that they offset, respectively, the two major threats to construct validity, namely, construct underrepresentation and construct-irrelevant variance. These distinctions are examined in the context of an overarching contrast between task-driven and construct-driven performance assessment. With respect to validation, the salient role of both positive and negative consequences is underscored as well as the need for evidence bearing on the various aspects of construct validity (content, substantive, structural, external, generalizability, and consequential). (Contains 51 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: Evidence
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (San Francisco, CA, April 1992).