ERIC Number: ED382341
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Children, Norms and Values in Three Countries on Three Continents. Reprints and Miniprints, No. 823.
This study examined children's perceptions of child-rearing norms and values of the culture where the child is raised and provides a cross-cultural comparison of child development in India, Kenya, and Sweden. Children ages 8 through 13 in Kenya were asked questions regarding good and bad behavior and parents' sanctions, the results of which were compared with the previous surveys of India and Sweden. The findings came under four themes: (1) relations to society, parents, teachers, and friends; (2) obedience, adherence to rules or the making of one's own decisions; (3) children's duties, work and school; and (4) personality. The comparison showed that children in India and Kenya have strong relations to their families, while Swedish children are dependent on the social welfare system. Children in India and Kenya consider obeying adults to be good behavior, whereas few Swedish parents tell of teaching their children to obey. In India, school is the child's primary duty; in Kenya the necessary chores at home must be carried out; but in Sweden, no demands are placed upon the child. The results show that cultures support the development of certain character traits in individuals. (AP)
Descriptors: Child Development, Child Rearing, Childhood Attitudes, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Background, Cultural Influences, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Emotional Development, Foreign Countries, Norms, Parent Child Relationship, Social Development
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lund Univ., Malmo (Sweden). Dept. of Educational and Psychological Research.
Identifiers: Cross Cultural Testing; Cultural Dependency; India; Kenya; Sweden