ERIC Number: ED368770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Outcome-Based Education and Mastery Learning: Clarifying the Differences.
Guskey, Thomas R.
Questions frequently arise about the origins of outcome-based education and mastery learning, their similarities and differences, their theoretical and practical links, and evidence about their effects on student learning. Historical and theoretical perspectives show a clear distinction between outcome-based education and mastery learning. Outcome-based education is principally a curriculum reform model with definite implications for the assessment of student learning. Mastery learning, while known by various names and in various forms, is principally an instructional strategy labeled by B. S. Bloom, and designed to help teachers enhance the quality of their teaching procedures so that more of their students learn excellently. Outcome-based education and mastery learning address different educational concerns, but their potential if used in combination is clear. The combination of a thoughtful curriculum and effective instructional practices makes true improvement in learning possible. One figure illustrates the discussion. (Contains 27 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Development, Definitions, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Formative Evaluation, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Strategies, Mastery Learning, Outcomes of Education, Student Evaluation, Teaching Methods, Theory Practice Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bloom (Benjamin S); Outcome Based Education
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-6, 1994).