ERIC Number: ED349788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Does Topic Familiarity Affect Assessed Difficulty and Actual Performance on Reading Comprehension Tests in LSP?
Peretz, Arna S.; Shoham, Miriam
A study investigated the hypothesis that topic familiarity and assessed difficulty of a second language text correlated positively with performance on reading comprehension tests in languages for special purposes (LSP). Subjects were 177 advanced students of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at Ben Gurion University (Israel). Faculty from the schools of Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) and Science and Technology (ST) were asked to assess the difficulty of an HSS-related text and a ST-related text from a college-level EFL reader. The texts were found to be of comparable difficulty and comprehensible to an educated layman. Students then took a reading comprehension test using the passages, and were asked to evaluate the passages' difficulty. Significant interaction between faculty and assessed difficulty of text confirms that EFL students find texts related to their fields of study more comprehensible than texts related to other topics. However, results of multiple-choice comprehension questions based on the texts indicate that students' subjective evaluation of the relative difficulty of a text is not necessarily a reliable predictor of their actual performance on reading comprehension tests. Based on these findings, it is argued that creation of many different reading tests on specialized topics at the university level is not justified. A 24-item bibliography and tabulations of study results are appended. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Advanced Students, College Students, Difficulty Level, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Language Tests, Languages for Special Purposes, Majors (Students), Prior Learning, Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Second Language Learning, Second Languages, Student Attitudes, Technical Writing
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Ben Gurion University (Israel)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academic Committee for Research on Language Testing (9th, Kiryat Anavim, Israel, April 25-27, 1990).