ERIC Number: ED349154
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: 0
Long-Term Unemployed and the Elderly in Migrant Communities in Europe.
Gundara, Jagdish; Jones, Crispin
The educational needs of the long-term unemployed and elderly in Europe's migrant communities should be understood in a context of state diversity and migration complexity. This report examines the role education plays in alleviating long-term unemployment in Europe's migrant communities and socioeconomic isolation among older migrants. Compared to nonmigrant communities, figures show migrant communities' continued disadvantages in employment. Xenophobia, discrimination, and racism are all influential factors regarding migrant unemployment. Recently, however, governments and communities have created effective educational interventions, including some researched by the Council of Europe. Success rates are higher when four conditions are met: (1) students are motivated; (2) the"skills gap" and labor need are effectively identified; (3) general rates of unemployment are low; and (4) the status of training courses is perceived by participants to be high. A field survey of migrant households found that most older migrants lacked social support and social roles, were distressed by shame and guilt, and had lost contact with their families. Older migrant adults require effective educational models and professional services to help them combat a series of social, health, and psychological problems. New citizenship rights for migrants, a pan-European race-relations policy against discrimination and racism, along with further study are called for. (TES)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, Educational Gerontology, Educational Planning, Educational Policy, Ethnic Discrimination, Ethnic Relations, Foreign Countries, Migrant Adult Education, Migrants, Multicultural Education, Older Adults, Racial Discrimination, Role of Education, Social Isolation, Unemployment
Manhattan Publishing Company, 1 Croton Point Ave., P.O. Box 650, Croton, NY 10520.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Cultural Cooperation, Strasbourg (France).
Identifiers: Council of Europe (France); Europe