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ERIC Number: ED348924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Cultural Anxiety of Chinese and U.S. Students.
MacDougall, Mary Ann; And Others
This paper discusses the development of a Cultural Anxiety Scale (CAS) for Chinese students studying in the United States. One hundred items were developed using the anxiety research literature, a survey of research on stress and anxiety among college students, and Chinese cross-cultural studies. Face, construct, and content validity analysis were performed. Three CAS versions in Chinese and English (Forms A and B) were administered. The first version was all English and administered to U.S. students (N=50) only; the second and third versions were tested on bilingual students (N=50). Both forms were then administered to 206 U.S. students and 221 Chinese students (in Taiwan). Data analysis (t-test) indicated significant differences between nationality on Forms A and B and no significant differences between gender. In addition, no statistically significant results were found when comparing the mean cultural anxiety of U.S. students between Forms A and B, however, statistically significant results were found in Chinese anxiety between the two forms. It was determined that because two forms were developed for the study, shades of meaning were being revealed in cultural validity. Attachments include the final versions of Forms A and B in English and Chinese translations and the item means and standard deviations. Contains 43 references. (GLR)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Chinese, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Construct Validity, Content Validity, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Context, Cultural Influences, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Nationals, Foreign Students, Higher Education, Questionnaires, Research Methodology, Statistical Analysis
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pacific Cultural Foundation, Taipei (Taiwan).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chinese People
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-25, 1992).