ERIC Number: ED346115
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Statistical Testing in the Behavioral Sciences: Textbook Developments.
Huberty, Carl J.
Textbooks that have been and are being used by students in education and psychology to learn about statistical testing are reviewed. Twenty-eight textbooks published prior to 1950 were reviewed. These textbooks were found to focus on descriptive methods, to concentrate on educational testing, and to present limited formal statistical formulation. Five sets of textbook editions were also examined. Each set covered 20 to 40 years, with an average of about 30 years; and the study included editions appearing once every 7 years on the average. The sets are similar in that all used the p-value approach to statistical testing. Two sets retained the "old" structure that included a sizable discussion of validity, reliability, and scaling of performance tests, while the remaining three sets focused entirely on statistical methods. Seventeen recently published statistical methods textbooks were identified as possibly appropriate for behavioral and social science students. These textbooks are analyzed for the following: (1) logic used to introduce testing; (2) testing strategies; (3) test method used; and (4) inclusion of p-value. It is not statistical testing itself, but rather the presentation of statistical testing in textbooks and as taught that should be scrutinized. Four tables present lists of textbooks. There is a 34-item list of references. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavioral Sciences, Content Analysis, Educational Testing, Educational Trends, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Measurement Techniques, Psychological Testing, Scaling, Social Science Research, Statistical Analysis, Test Use, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation, Textbook Research
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: P Values
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).