ERIC Number: ED344469
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Crossing the Threshold into Standard Three in Black Education. The Consolidated Main Report of the Threshold Project.
Macdonald, C. A.
The Threshold Project, a 3-year project that followed a 1985 pilot study, examined the nature of the language and learning difficulties that black Standard Three (Std 3, or grade 5) children in South Africa experience when they change from their mother tongue of Sepedi to English as a medium of instruction and learning, a policy known as "delayed immersion." This main report of the Threshold Project summarizes the five final reports of the project and constitutes an integration of the analysis in terms of three parameters: historical-political, socio-cultural, and educational-systemic. Specific educational aspects covered include the following: school-based teaching and learning experiences; English as a subject; the disparity between English as a subject and English as the medium of instruction; learning content subjects; local models of teaching and learning; curriculum development and reducing the disparity between junior and senior primary phases; possible English language policy models; moving from English as a subject towards using it as a medium of instruction; and principles and processes of materials development. Contains a list of 107 references. (LB)
Descriptors: African Languages, Bilingual Education, Black Youth, Change Strategies, Curriculum Development, Educational Policy, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Grade 5, Immersion Programs, Inservice Teacher Education, Instructional Materials, Intermediate Grades, Language of Instruction, Language Tests, Listening Skills, Native Speakers, Psycholinguistics, Reading Skills, Second Language Learning, Sociolinguistics, Teaching Methods, Writing Skills, Young Children
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria (South Africa).
Identifiers: South Africa; Threshold Project (South Africa)
Note: For a related document, see FL 020 070.