ERIC Number: ED344131
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Measuring Interpersonal Forgiveness.
Subkoviak, Michael J.; And Others
The field of moral development has broadened recently from its traditional Kohlbergian emphasis on justice to include other constructs such as caring and forgiveness. The utility of forgiveness has been recognized recently by physicians working with cancer patients, and by therapists interested in anger reduction in clients. This study attempted to construct a measure of psychological forgiveness. Initial reliability and validity estimates are described for one of six cross-cultural samples. A total of 394 subjects provided data for the analysis. Half of the subjects were college students, and the other half were their same-gender parents. The following questionnaires were given to each subject: the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI); a background information scale; Speilberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale; Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); and a one-item forgiveness question. The internal consistency reliability for the 60-item scale was exceptionally high. There appears to be no general relationship between the EFI and psychological depression. However, there is a moderate relation when focus is on the middle-aged and their severe problems, specifically with family members. This strongly suggests that models of forgiveness must be developed that take into account not only degree of forgiveness given to an offender, but also a person's age, who hurt him or her, and the severity of hurt experienced. The clinical consequences are different depending on these variables. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).