ERIC Number: ED334530
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May
Reference Count: N/A
Hardworking and Pleasant: The Ideal Woman as Described by Adolescents in the United States and the Philippines.
Holekamp, Maria; And Others
Cultural values affect both the quality and equality of women's lives on individual and social levels. Values about women's roles vary cross-culturally. This study investigated adolescents' values about women's roles in the Phillipines and the United States. A tri-method study was conducted with adolescents aged 11 to 17 who attended schools in the Phillipines or the United States. First 537 participants rated the importance of 10 characteristics of the ideal woman. Second, participants drew a picture of the ideal woman doing something. Third, 49 adolescents acted as drawing interpreters. The results indicated that adolescent students from both countries described the ideal woman as hardworking, pleasant, kind, and honest. However, adolescents' views differed according to gender, nationality, and attendance at public or private schools. The meaning of the responses was elucidated by the qualitative study in which adolescents interpreted drawings of women cooking and working in offices. Women working in offices in the Phillipines were described as rebellious, untidy, sexy, and beautiful. Girls emphasized women working in non-traditional roles, having a good job, and achieving; they also valued the personal characteristics important to work success, including being intelligent and responsible. Attachments include 5 tables and 10 figures. (19 references) (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Saint Louis Univ., MO.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (63rd, Chicago, IL, May 2-4, 1991).