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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED329596
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Pages: 50
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Translation, Cultural Adjustment, and Operationalization of the Construct of Adaptive Behavior.
Tombokan-Runtukahu, Juliana; Nitko, Anthony J.
Whether the construct of adaptive behavior, which has been developed and operationalized in western countries, could be successfully operationalized in a non-western country, Indonesia, was studied. Focus was on delineating procedures for cross-cultural adaptation and operationalization of the construct; creating an operationalization of the construct in an Indonesian setting; and investigating the construct validity of the operationalization by comparing it to its United States counterpart. A translated and culturally adapted version of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS)--the Indonesian Adapted VABS (IVABS)--was prepared. The research project was concerned with the IVABS's capability to distinguish within and between Indonesian children with normal intelligence or mental retardation; the IVABS's capability to show age-based incremental changes in the adaptive behavior of Indonesian children that are comparable to incremental changes shown by the VABS with American students; the consistency of parents' and teachers' scores on the IVABS; patterns of relationships among IVABS scores, scores from other cognitive measures, and socioeconomic status; and the internal consistency of IVABS scores. Subjects were 43 children aged 6 to 18 years with mental retardation and a matched sample of 43 children of normal intelligence. Most behaviors judged appropriate in the western context were also appropriate in Indonesia; implications for transferring the construct to another culture are discussed. A 43-item list of references, seven tables, and four graphs are included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Indonesia; Normal Children; United States; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales