ERIC Number: ED328643
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Changing the Odds: Expanding Early Childhood Development Programs for Oakland's Low-Income Families.
Urban Strategies Council, Oakland, CA.
Oakland (California) must expand high-quality, comprehensive early childhood development programs to improve the educational, employment, and life options of low-income children. Research has found that the benefits of participation in Head Start and other high-quality preschool programs include better preparation for school and lower risk of unemployment, early parenthood, and delinquency. However, low-income parents cannot pay for preschool education and publicly-funded programs serve only 18 percent of those eligible. A review of existing programs indicates that the city has a wide range of programs and personnel with the potential to reach all low-income children. Recommendations include the following: (1) form a committee to facilitate the expansion of existing programs and ensure that these programs can provide comprehensive family support services; (2) obtain new Federal, state, and local resources for the Head Start program; (3) coordinate programs offered by the Oakland Unified School District with each other and with other local child development and family resources programs, including private subsidized and private proprietary programs; and (4) establish an "Oakland Birth-to-School Project" to provide comprehensive health, education, and social services to parents, infants, and preschoolers in high-risk neighborhoods. Descriptions of six model programs are included. Statistical data are presented in one table and seven graphs. A description of the research methodology, a discussion of funding sources, and a list of 39 references are appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; San Francisco Foundation, CA.; William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Palo Alto, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Strategies Council, Oakland, CA.
Identifiers: California (Oakland); Oakland Unified School District CA; Project Head Start
Note: A Blueprint by the Urban Strategies Council and the Working Group of the Early Childhood Development Initiative.