ERIC Number: ED328163
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug-22
Reference Count: N/A
Hypnotherapy and Test Anxiety: Two Cognitive-Behavioral Constructs. The Effects of Hypnosis in Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Achievement in College Students.
A two-group randomized multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was used to investigate the effects of cognitive-behavioral hypnosis in reducing test anxiety and improving academic performance in comparison to a Hawthorne control group. Subjects were enrolled in a rigorous introductory psychology course which covered an entire text in one quarter. In addition to randomization, two covariates were used as a statistical control for the selection threat to internal validity. The subjects were measured on two covariates and two dependent variables. The covariates were a midterm course grade for introductory psychology and a pretest on the Test Anxiety Inventory. There were a decrease in test anxiety and improvements in achievement for the hypnosis group. The treatment gains were maintained at a 6-week follow-up. The study suggests that cognitive-behavioral hypnosis is effective in reducing test anxiety and in improving academic performance. Contains 15 references. (Author/GLR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August, 1990).