ERIC Number: ED256064
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar-9
Reference Count: 0
The Politics of Superintendent School Board Linkages: A Study of Power, Participation, and Control.
Hentges, Joseph T.
A study of 188 superintendents and 379 school board members in districts with student enrollments above 25,000 sheds light on several factors affecting the working relationships between superintendents and their local boards. Board members tended to follow personal judgment rather than constituent preferences when making decisions, and received more systematic information from professional educators than from other sources. Internal policy decisions generated less conflict than external matters between superintendents and boards and were more frequently left to professional discretion. Conflict levels in general proved higher than indicated by earlier research. Variables affecting the Superintendent's control of internal policy included: board members' professional bias, bloc voting behavior, length of time in office, interaction with the community, and political experience; degrees of interest group pressure; congruence between the superintendent's position and that of the public; and the superintendent's tenure. Variables affecting the superintendent's dominance over external policy included communtiy tension, congruence between the superintendent's position and the board's, board initiation of contact with superintendents, board interaction with the community, community initiation of change in policies related to civil rights, superintendents' perceptions of limitations to their own authority, and frequency of forced cooperation between superintendents and boards to "sell" board policies to the public. (PGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Board Community Relationship; Board of Education Members
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of School Administrators (117th, Dallas, TX, March 8-11, 1985).