ERIC Number: ED254761
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug-25
Reference Count: 0
Knowledge and Use of Alcohol among Business and Professional Women.
Shore, Elsie R.
Research into the effects of alcohol on women suggests that women cannot adopt male drinking patterns and expect similar short and long term effects. To investigate the alcohol consumption rates of women employed in managerial and professional occupations, the extent of knowledge about the effects of alcohol, especially those specifically relevant to women, and to assess personal predictions of alcohol effects, 147 women and 94 men were surveyed. The subjects, who were employed in business and professional positions, completed a questionnaire including demographic information, the Alcohol Information Questionnaire (AIQ), and a measure of alcohol consumption. In addition, participants' personal predictions of alcohol effects in three conditions were combined with their weight, corrected for gender, to obtain a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for each condition. Results showed that the majority of men and women report drinking alcoholic beverages; analysis of consumption by gender did not yield significant results. Large numbers of respondents had general information about alcohol, while fewer respondents answered questions dealing with directly useful information. There was no significant difference between male and female participants on knowledge of alcohol effects on women. Large numbers of respondents were unable to correlate amount of alcohol consumed with the effects of that consumption. (Four data tables and the AIQ are appended.) (MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).