ERIC Number: ED252797
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Linguistic Analysis of Counselor's Affect Oriented Responses across Three Levels of Counseling Experience.
Warden, Kathleen; Wycoff, Jean
The effect of counselors' level of experience on clients' expression of feeling has not been investigated using stylistic and semantic measures. To examine the influence of affectively oriented counselors' level of experience, six counselors at three experience levels (low--masters, counseling practicum students; medium--doctoral, counseling psychology students; and high--licensed experienced psychologists) were randomly assigned a male and female client from 12 student volunteers. Each counselor/client dyad met for a guided fantasy experience followed by discussion. Counselors were instructed to facilitate clients' expression of feeling stimulated by the fantasy experience. Transcripts of the sessions were processed by the Computer Assisted Language Analysis System (CALAS). The language of the sessions was analyzed for stylistic complexity, as measured by total clauses and average block length, and semantics as measured by block length and verb type. Results showed the six counselors at the three experience levels were similar when compared on these measures. Counselors and clients did not differ in speech rate clauses per minute across or within groups, or in complexity of language across groups. There were significant differences on two verb types--state experiencer affective and state experiencer cognitive. When examining the ranks of these two verb types, the difference could not be attributed to the difference in experience levels of the counselors. On percentage of counselor talk, the two low experience counselors were similar, and the two medium experience counselors were similar, but there was a significant difference between the two high experience counselors. This suggests that high experience counselors may have more idiosyncratic styles. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Computer Assisted Language Analysis System; Interpersonal Influence Process
Note: Paper presented as part of a symposium "Research on Language Analysis in Counseling" at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984). For other symposium papers, see CG 017 962-967.