ERIC Number: ED252599
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct-26
Reference Count: 0
Comfortability Scale in Special Education: Determination of Construct Validity and Reliability.
Norlander, Kay A.; Reich, Melvyn
This paper examines the development of the "Comfortability Scale in Special Education." This 44-item self-evaluation instrument measures special education teachers' perceptions of "comfort" (self-confidence) with their ability to use pertinent knowledge and skills. Each item is rated on a seven-point Likert-like scale. Two studies of special education graduate students (n=54, n=120) were used in the Comfortability Scale development process. Both studies used factor analysis to examine construct validity, and alpha coefficients to examine reliability. The second study produced a nine factor solution, which when analyzed for content as well as factor loadings, resulted in seven subscales. Subscale reliabilities were high enough for individual use. Total instrument reliability was .97. Current studies with graduate and undergraduate students in summer training sessions at the University of Connecticut indicate the scale's potential use as a pretest/posttest to measure attitude change. Comparison to the Rucker-Gable Programming Scale in Special Education results indicate these scales measure different constructs. (BS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Comfortability Scale in Special Education
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Educational Research Association (15th, Ellenville, NY, October 26, 1984). Appendices contain small print.