ERIC Number: ED250688
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Knowledge Gap and Foreign Affairs: Factors Associated with Differential Knowledge of the Palestinian/Israeli Conflict.
Gandy, Oscar H., Jr.; Waylly, Mohamed El
Survey data were gathered from 218 Black, Jewish, and other nonblack respondents in a study that examined the relationships between knowledge of specific facts related to the Palestinian/Israeli conflict in the Middle East and the respondents' education, ethnicity, religion, media use, exposure to related news items, and interest in world affairs. Knowledge of Palestinian/Israeli affairs was measured by six true-false questions regarding Palestinian figures and events, and six questions regarding Israeli figures and events. Media use was measured through self-reports of newspaper reading and viewing of television news and public affairs programs. Education was measured through self-reports of years of schooling completed, and interest in world affairs was determined by a yes or no response to a question about discussing world affairs with family and friends. Results revealed differences between respondents in education and media use, with Blacks less likely than Jews or other nonblacks to use newspapers or newsmagazines on a regular basis. Blacks also had a lower level of education than other participants in the survey. Regression analyses revealed that race and ethnicity made no independent contribution to foreign affairs knowledge once exposure to related stories, dependence upon print sources, and education had been removed as sources of variance. Similar analysis revealed that when education and interest in world affairs were controlled, race and ethnicity made no independent contribution to variance in print media use. (Author/HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Media Use; Palestinian Israeli Conflict
Note: Paper presented at the Congress and General Assembly of the International Association for Mass Communication Research (14th, Prague, Czechoslovakia, August 1984).