ERIC Number: ED245607
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Leadership in Higher Education: Success Attributions and Self-Perceptions of College Administrators. ASHE 1984 Annual Meeting Paper.
Mark, Sandra Fay
The self-perceptions and attributions for success among 561 college administrators were studied. Questionnaires were completed by presidents (27 percent), deans (27 percent), directors and coordinators (33 percent), and nonadministrative faculty (13 percent). Self-perceptions were measured by adjectives that were subsequently categorized as masculine, feminine, and neutral. Results indicated that for sex, females perceived themselves as more masculine, more feminine, and more neutral than did males. The mean score for the masculine self-descriptors was the lowest of the three groups of adjectives, and females outscored males in reporting that they saw themselves with more masculine behavior in their jobs. Respondents were more likely to perceive themselves as characteristically"feminine" in leadership behaviors if they were female, married, and nonadminstrators. Presidents and married subjects perceived themselves as more masculine than other administrative levels and marital statuses. Attributions for success, measured by weights given hard work, ability, luck, and ease of task, revealed significant differences on the latter two attributions only. (Author/SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Chicago, IL, March14-16, 1984).