ERIC Number: ED242228
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jul
Reference Count: 0
In Focus: The Art of Knowing How to Nurse.
The knowledge structure of nursing, nursing concepts, and interaction patterns were studied at three nursing schools in Sweden. Attention was focused on six classification systems: communication pattern; personally directed content of talks; interaction structure and role behavior; content of instrumental versus emotional nature; disciplinary origin; and nursing process. Observations tape recordings were made with 14 teachers and 39 students during clinical training. The discussion subjects were divided into two groups: (1) implemented nursing procedure and nursing techniques, and (2) nursing situation in the ward. Findings include the following: 70-80 percent of all sentences came from the teacher; learning to perform nursing was more important for the student than learning to recognize her own ability; the teacher had both an instrumental and emotional role; when caring for a patient the students got to know the medical diagnosis and treatment as well as nursing needs; and discussion dealt with how to observe, plan, and implement nursing in a very uncritical, traditional way. It was concluded that there is an overemphasis on nursing techniques in Sweden. It is suggested that a holistic view in nursing education is needed, along with change in the structure and nature of the knowledge demanded in nursing schools. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Goteborg Univ., Molndal (Sweden). Dept. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the Sigma Theta Tau Research Congress (Madrid, Spain, July 7-8, 1983).