ERIC Number: ED235437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Theory and Tests of a Cognitive Behavioral Model of Burnout.
Meier, Scott; Davis, Susan
For people-helping professionals, the concept of burnout describes the physical and emotional exhaustion they feel on the job. A cognitive-behavioral model defines burnout as a state in which individuals expect few rewards and considerable punishment from work, due to lack of valued reinforcement, controllable outcomes, or personal competence. Expectations are a central component of this model since they indicate an individual's interactions with the environment and are closely linked with behavior and feelings. Three types of expectations (reinforcement, work outcome, and efficacy expectations) may influence burnout. To aid empirical research concerning burnout, the Meier Burnout Assessment (MBA), a 25-item true/false test, was developed to measure cognitions and expectations related to burnout. To check for internal consistency and concurrent validity in the MBA, undergraduate students completed both the MBA and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and their scores on the two tests were compared. Statistical analyses showed satisfactory internal consistency, concurrent validity, and predictive validity for the MBA. A copy of the MBA along with the item-total correlations is included. (WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Meier Burnout Assessment
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).