ERIC Number: ED228547
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Human Resource Implications of Robotics.
Hunt, H. Allan; Hunt, Timothy L.
A study examined the job creation and job displacement potential of industrial robots in the United States and specifically, in Michigan, by 1990. To complete an analysis of the impact of robotics on the American labor force, researchers combined data from previous forecasts of future unit and dollar sales projections and from interviews with representatives of prominent corporate users of robots with data from existing economic research. Unlike many other analysts, the designers of this study feel that the near-term employment impacts of robots will not be overwhelming by any means but instead will be felt gradually and cumulatively through the years in an evolutionary rather than revolutionary process. While states whose economies are particularly dependent upon the auto industry will suffer greater worker displacement than will other states or regions, the designers of this study do not believe that this job displacement will lead to significant job loss among the currently employed. Rather, the impact of unemployment due to the spread of robotics will be felt most by the less experienced, less well-educated part of the labor force. While the spread of robotics will eliminate many semi- or unskilled jobs, it will create many new jobs requiring a significant technical background. Particularly needed will be robotics technicians and graduate engineers. (MN)
Descriptors: Automation, Continuing Education, Economic Factors, Educational Needs, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Futures (of Society), Human Resources, Job Development, Labor Force, Labor Needs, Literature Reviews, Postsecondary Education, Skilled Occupations, Social Environment, Technical Education, Technical Occupations, Technological Advancement, Trend Analysis, Unemployment
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 S. Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007 ($21.95 hardcover, ISBN 0-88099-009-0; $14.95 paper; quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Michigan Occupational Information Coordinating Committee.
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.
Identifiers: Displaced Workers; Industrial Robotics; Michigan; Robotics; Robots; United States