ERIC Number: ED228540
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Women Employed in Corrections.
Chapman, Jane Roberts; And Others
A research project was conducted to compile a profile of women employed in corrections. More specifically, the study was designed to identify the corrections occupations in which women are working as well as the factors affecting the recruitment, placement, and advancement of women in the field. The research was accomplished in two stages. First, an employment profile of women in corrections occupations was developed using data supplied by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and other supplementary sources. Next, questionnaires were administered to 362 women and 145 men employed in 59 state and local correctional agencies in Maryland, Michigan, and South Carolina. According to both these data sources, women are underrepresented in corrections in comparison to their participation in the employed civilian labor force. Furthermore, women employed in corrections tend to be concentrated in clerical and support staff positions. The career aspirations of the women interviewed were not as high as those of the men interviewed. Some evidence exists that organizational barriers may affect aspirations and, thereby, further contribute to occupational segregation. Finally, a major obstacle to increasing the percentage of women in the corrections field is the unresolved conflict between employment rights of women on the one hand and inmate privacy rights and an institution's security on the other. (MN)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Civil Rights Legislation, Correctional Institutions, Correctional Rehabilitation, Demography, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Federal Legislation, Individual Characteristics, Job Placement, Labor Force, Legal Problems, Promotion (Occupational), Questionnaires, Recruitment, Sex Discrimination, Surveys
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.
Authoring Institution: Center for Women Policy Studies, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Maryland; Michigan; South Carolina