ERIC Number: ED224170
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Student Discipline and Motivation. Research Synthesis.
Cotton, Kathleen; Savard, William G.
A review of 31 research documents found 26 of them relevant to the topic of student discipline and motivation. Variables studied in the 26 documents include time-on-task, achievement, disruptions, student attitudes and self-concept, absenteeism, disciplinary referral, detention, suspension, and expulsion. Among the review's findings are that effective classroom management involves a high degree of structure, clear and consistently enforced rules, and teacher monitoring and feedback; that behavioral and motivational improvement secured through material rewards is not as permanent as that achieved by social means; that student academic success will improve motivation and discipline; and that effective punishment should be commensurate with the offense and accompanied by support and assistance. Eight recommendations are made, including inservice and preservice training of school personnel in effective practices, use of formal and informal social reinforcements, and instruction of students in appropriate behavior. Attached to the review are a table profiling 12 effective programs and their educational levels, major goals and features, evidence of effectiveness, and sources of further information; listings of the supportive, nonsupportive, and inconclusive research documents on five hypotheses; and 31 "item reports" giving data on each document reviewed and its relevance, quality, findings, and conclusions. (Author/RW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
Note: Some charts may not reproduce due to small print of original document.