ERIC Number: ED220155
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
A Teacher's Guide to Memory Techniques.
Hodges, Daniel L.
Focus on Productivity, n7 p23-27 Spr 1982.
To aid instructors in teaching their students to use effective methods of memorization, this article outlines major memory methods, provides examples of their use, evaluates the methods, and discusses ways students can be taught to apply them. First, common, but less effective, memory methods are presented, including reading and re-reading materials, recitation, intensive studying, and detailed organization and classification of new material. Next, encoding memory methods are reviewed, whereby words or concepts are translated into other, more easily remembered, forms. Methods are discussed for encoding concrete words; encoding abstract words phonetically or semantically; and encoding numbers through imagery. Then, organizational memory methods, which require the creation of an artificial method of organizing material, are outlined. Three of these methods provide pegs on which to hang concepts: the "method of loci" links items to be memorized to a previously prepared set of locations; the "peg-word method" involves taking the material, encoding it into images, and making a vivid picture linking the peg word to the item to be remembered; and the "first letter recording method." The next three methods, story mnemonics, link mnemonics, and the use of rhymes and songs, involve chain processes for aiding the memory. Finally, brief tips are provided for helping students to use memory techniques. (HB)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.