ERIC Number: ED214061
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Gestalt Therapy: Its Inheritance from Gestalt Psychology.
Yontef, Gary M.
When adequately elaborated, the basic method of Gestalt therapy can be traced to the phenomenological field theory of Gestalt psychology. Gestalt therapy differs from Gestalt psychology not because of a difference in philosophy or method, but because of different contexts; the clinical context has different demands than those of basic research. Phenomenological field theory, the method of both Gestalt psychology and therapy, is characterized by: (1) reliance on the total immediate experience; (2) a search for insight into the inherent structure of the segregated whole which is the experiential field of perception; (3) systematic experimentation to obtain a description true to the structure of the phenomena being studied; (4) the search for insight into the awareness process itself; and (5) intentionality. Gestalt psychology is largely a content psychology. Gestalt therapy transforms the Gestalt method into a psychology system that is both act- and content-oriented; it is an existential psychotherapy. Gestalt therapy shifts the emphasis of Gestalt psychology from essence to existence. Dialogue is most appropriate to this phenomenological-existential psychotherapy. The dialogic relationship in Gestalt therapy is marked by inclusion, presence, commitment to dialogue, non-exploitiveness, and a full living dialogue. These philosophical principles form an integrating framework that is the primary identity of Gestalt therapy. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Gestalt Psychology; Gestalt Therapy
Note: For related document, see CG 015 797. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the International Council of Psychologists (39th, Los Angeles, CA, August 20-23, 1981).