ERIC Number: ED209451
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
The Effectiveness of Two Job Search Assistance Programs for Disadvantaged Youth. Final Report.
Hahn, Andrew; Friedman, Barry
Two job search assistance programs for disadvantaged youth, funded under the Youth Employment and Demonstrations Project Act, were evaluated for both operation and impact. The two programs were the Cambridge, Massachusetts, Job Factory, which paid youths a stipend for doing the "job" of finding a job, while providing group activities, resume writing, job search skills and placement assistance; and the Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Workshop, which assigned participants to one of three treatment groups to receive either individual career counseling and job placement services, career counseling, job placement services, and group job search skills workshops, or career counseling and job search skills workshops. No stipend was paid in the Pennsylvania project. In the Cambridge group, 203 youths were enrolled in the Job Factory while 165 served as controls; 396 youths were enrolled in the three treatment groups in Wilkes-Barre. The process evaluation showed that the Job Factory functioned fairly smoothly because it was a modification of an existing program, while the Workshop experienced difficulties in implementation because of its "top-down" model. The impact evaluation found that the Job Factory had a substantial effect in getting youth to work quickly, although these effects may not continue long-term, while in the Workshop, there were no significant differences in the rate of job finding for the three groups. Job Factory participants found moderately better jobs than the controls, while no major differences in the groups were found in the Workshop participants. In Cambridge, attitudes/knowledge areas did not contribute to job finding, while in Wilkes Barre, job search skills were a significant component of job finding. Overall, it was found that the intensity of the search fostered by the moral support of counselors was the most significant component in the job search assistance programs. (KC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Career Counseling, Comparative Analysis, Counselor Role, Demonstration Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Programs, Employment Services, Evaluation, Federal Programs, Job Placement, Job Search Methods, Job Skills, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Success, Summative Evaluation, Young Adults, Youth Employment
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Youth Programs.
Authoring Institution: Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA. Florence Heller Graduate School for Advanced Studies in Social Welfare.
Identifiers: Massachusetts (Cambridge); Pennsylvania (Wilkes Barre); Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act