ERIC Number: ED206416
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Physiognomic Perception of Positive and Negative Stimuli Among Pre-School Children.
Greenauer, Michael; Lindauer, Martin S.
Five- to six-year-old children were fairly consistently able to match stick figures and abstract linear configurations representative of positive emotions (peacefulness, happiness, excitement, desire) but could not as consistently pair stick figures and abstract configurations representative of negative emotions (sadness, upset, cruelty, rage). Eighteen children, who were attending an urban day care center, nearly equally representing sex and race, participated in the study. In individual tests, three stimuli at a time were shown: two stick figures representing two different emotions flanked an abstract configuration which had been judged by college students as representing the emotion portrayed by one of the two stick figures. The child's task was to identify the stick figure who could have drawn the abstract configuration. The choice made by the child, as well as the position and order of the stimuli chosen, was recorded. Additionally, the relationship between the number of correct matches made by the child and teacher ratings of the child's creativity was examined. When the data for the pairs of stimuli were grouped into positive and negative affective categories, the difference between the number of correct responses in the two categories reached statistical significance at the .05 level. The creativity scores did not correlate with the correct matching score. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Affect Concepts; Facial Expressions; Physiognomic Perception