ERIC Number: ED203021
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Adult Education in Togo.
Miller, Harry G.; Kogoe, Akrima
Like that of other African nations, the educational system of Togo was created during the country's colonial period, and reflected the needs of the colonizers, not those of the native peoples. Education was elitist and served to further the government bureaucracy. After Togo became independent in 1960, it began to revise its inherited French educational system to better serve its needs. Educational reforms emphasize free and compulsory school attendance, preschooling and continuing education, equal educational opportunities for girs and boys, and a curriculum developed from local needs. A special effort has been made to adapt the educational curricula and teaching methods to Togo's economic and social needs. This effort includes the teaching of national languages to preserve and at the same time improve the culture. Togo's efforts in adult education are directed to the adult population living in rural areas who have not received formal schooling. Because of financial considerations, however, this effort is very limited. Efforts include improving agricultural skills, health education, disease eradication, and literacy education. In addition, two training centers are maintained to train workers in various occupations, such as secretarial work, technical drawing, auto mechanics, and heavy equipment operation. One of the most important adult education areas is culture and recreation. The development of Togo's culture and heritage is a means for arousing national consciousness and for directing attention to solving needs and problems. Effective educational programs for the adult population are critical needs in the economic and social growth of Togo. (KC)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Cultural Background, Cultural Education, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Job Training, Literacy Education, Needs, Postsecondary Education, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. School of Technical Careers.
Note: Paper presented at the School of Technical Careers' Faculty Forum (Carbondale, IL, 1981).