ERIC Number: ED201502
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Using Hand Calculators in the Learning of Mathematics in Grades Three to Eight.
Students in three grade 7 classes, a grade 6 class and a split grade 5/6 class were provided with calculators for use in their mathematics classes for a period of eight weeks. For the posttest on problem solving the 116 students were randomly assigned to the group using calculators on the posttest or to the group using only paper and pencil. In a second section of the posttest the groups were reversed so that all students took a test in both modes, that is using calculators in one section and using paper and pencil only in the other. Pretest differences were non-significant. Out of eight comparisons on measures of correct answers to problems, three comparisons were statistically significant in favor of the calculator mode of problem solving. The other five differences were non-significant. On measures of problems attempted and methods correct all differences were non-significant except three, and each of these were in favor of the calculator mode. These results are consistent with previous studies. The calculator has no negative effects over short term periods and sometimes has positive effects. (Author)
Descriptors: Calculators, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Instructional Materials, Intermediate Grades, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods
Educational Research Institute of British Columbia, 515 West 10th Ave., Suite 400, Vancouver, B.C., Canada V5Z 4A8 ($2.20).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Educational Research Inst. of British Columbia, Vancouver.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mathematics Education Research
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.