ERIC Number: ED189116
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of an Advance Organizer, Text Structure, and a Preview of Structure on the Learning and Retention of Prose Material.
Bluestone, Michael A.; Kerst, Stephen
The effects of an advance organizer, a preview of text structure, and two different arrangements of reading material on prose learning and on delayed retention were investigated. The textual material was preceded by an advance organizer, a preview of structure, or a neutral control passage. The narrative text, which concerned the economic geography of the Soviet Union, had either a hierarchical or a hierarchical and categorical structure. Subjects were 120 high school seniors from a Catholic girls' school. Results indicated that groups reading the advance organizer and either textual structure showed greater learning than control subjects; this effect was replicated eight days later for advance organizer plus hierarchically and categorically structured text, but not for advance organizer plus hierarchically structured text. The preview of reading text structure significantly affected learning for students reading hierarchically and categorically structured text. Results also indicated that students learned and retained significantly more superordinate than subordinate concepts. (Author/GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Text Structure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).