PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED188042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Anxiety Management Training on College Students' General, Overt, and Covert Anxiety.
Vinson, Michael L.
The effect on anxiety of a behaviorally-oriented treatment, Anxiety Management Training (AMT), was investigated with a sample of college students (N=23). The treatment was based upon the techniques originally used by Richardson, Suinn, and Meichenbaum, and consisted of three principal elements: relaxation training, cognitive-restructuring, and imaginal rehearsal. General anxiety levels were characterized by tension, vulnerability to stress, and free-floating apprehension. In addition to the general anxiety levels, changes in two identifiable types of anxiety were assessed: overt as related to specific environmental events, and covert as related to personality traits not always recognized. Subjects were randomly assigned to either of two treatment groups or to a waiting-list control group. A pre- and post-test experimental design was utilized, and anxiety was assessed by a standardized questionnaire. Independent variables included the treatment and the therapists; dependent variables were general anxiety level, overt anxiety, and covert anxiety. Findings suggested that the treatment was successful in lowering the mean general anxiety scores of the two treatment groups. As predicted, the treatment groups' overt anxiety scores declined to a greater extent than their covert anxiety scores. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Best copy available. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Personnel and Guidance Association (Atlanta, GA, March 26-29, 1980).