ERIC Number: ED177483
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul-31
Reference Count: 0
Text Design for Coherence, Comprehension, and Memory. Final Progress Report.
Crothers, Edward J.
A series of experimental and theoretical investigations of text inference were conducted. One applied a theory of inferable text cohesion to the devising of text structure revisions that assist comprehension and memory. Since only modest success was achieved, the next three projects went beyond text revision to the use of adjunct outlines, questions, and connectives in novel formats. The last of these projects yielded the most pronounced effects on responses and response times. Methods, materials, and computer programs for testing comprehension during and after the reading were developed. Subjective text cohesion reflected by performance on a sentence sequencing task was compared against theoretical representations. A grasp of causal and logical connectives within a text was found to depend on the interaction of the relation's directness and direction. Advances in text representation theory also were accomplished. After a digression on formalizing a text as a "proof," a deeper description highlighting parallelism was conceived. (Author/TJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Colorado Univ., Boulder.