ERIC Number: ED173729
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Estimation of Danger and Endorsement of Self-Protection Strategies: A Study of Locus of Control.
Heath, Linda; And Others
Contradictory predictions concerning control over negative events exist in Walster's self-protective attribution theory which maintains that on-lookers in negative situations are apt to seek control by convincing themselves that such a situation couldn't happen to them, while Shaver's defensive attribution theory suggests that in a comparable situation people are more likely to attribute the responsibility to change. A field test was utilized to survey women in three cities, by telephone, about rape prevention. Hypothesizing from the two theories, Walster would predict that the respondents feeling more likely to be victimized will be more likely to attribute effectiveness to control-maintaining strategies, while Shaver would predict the opposite. Assessment of risk by the subjects supported Walster with high endorsement for personal strategies by those judging their risk as high. In addition, respondents who believed there was no risk endorsed such strategies most of all, which satisfied neither theory. Shaver's theory received no confirmation. Passive responses were due to feelings of inadequacy among the subjects. (LS)
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Behavior Theories, Females, Field Studies, Locus of Control, Prediction, Rape, Risk, Situational Tests
Center for Urban Affairs, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60201
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Center for Urban Affairs.
Identifiers: Shaver (K G); Walster (E)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)