ERIC Number: ED170845
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Church-State: Duty of the Employer to Make Religious Accommodations for Employees.
Bryson, Joseph E.
This paper focuses on the duty of employers to make religious accommodations for employees. First it examines the First Amendment. Then it discusses major Supreme Court decisions from industry and education in the context of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1972 Amendment. One important case--Trans World Airlines Inc. v. Hardison--ruled in favor of the plaintiff, stating that to require TWA to bear more than a de minimis cost in order to give Hardison Saturdays off would be an undue hardship. The paper concludes, however, that many church-state issues that are yet to be resolved are or were not even seriously discussed in Hardison. For example, majority arbitrary religious mandates should be no more or less constitutionally sheltered than minority religious mandates. (Author/LD)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Practices, Religious Discrimination, Speeches, State Church Separation
Not available separately; See EA 011 580
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Organization on Legal Problems of Education, Topeka, KS.
Identifiers: Civil Rights Act 1964; Trans World Airlines Inc v Hardison
Note: Chapter 11 of "Contemporary Legal Issues in Education" (EA 011 580); For related documents, see EA 011 580-581 and EA 011 583-598 ; Paper presented at the 1978 Annual Convention of the National Organization on Legal Problems of Education