ERIC Number: ED169285
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Alternative Concepts of Vocational Education.
Lerwick, Lowell P.
Intended for vocational education leaders, this report is presented (1) to describe various systems of ideas, thus increasing awareness of alternative vocational education views, and (2) to aid in an understanding of basic conflicts which affect vocational education. The first of nine chapters reviews the rationale behind the study and notes that past and present conflicts are rooted in philosophy. Levels of possible disagreement (definitional, factual, theoretical, and philosophic) are elaborated. Chapter 2 explains the study's classification system, taken from Howard Ozman's study of comparative philosophies, which is used to examine the alternative vocational education concepts. The next six chapters are devoted to an exploration of vocational education under six selected philosophies: perennialism, essentialism, progressivism, reconstructionism, existentialism, and behavioral engineering. Each philosophy includes the following format: introductory orientation to the parent philosophy, presuppositions, educational perspective, ends of the philosophy, clientele, relation to community, administrative staff, architecture or facilities, curriculum, teacher, method of teaching and participation, and evaluation criteria. The final chapter discusses choosing among the alternative philosophic positions. Current issues and their relationships to the various philosophies are probed. In conclusion, the possibilities of moving toward conflict resolution are summarized. (CSS)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Community Relations, Comparative Analysis, Concept Formation, Conflict, Conflict Resolution, Curriculum, Educational Facilities, Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Educational Theories, Evaluation Criteria, Existentialism, Foundations of Education, Nontraditional Education, Objectives, Program Descriptions, Program Development, Student Characteristics, Student Participation, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education.
Identifiers: Behavioral Engineering; Essentialism; Perennialism; Progressivism; Reconstructionism