ERIC Number: ED159900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Research Evidence for the Effectiveness of Bilingual Education.
Troike, Rudolph C.
Despite limited research due to lack of funding and inadequate program evaluations, enough evidence has accumulated to indicate that quality bilingual programs can meet the goal of providing equal educational opportunity for students from non-English speaking backgrounds. A review of existing research supports this statement. In almost all cases, children in the bilingual programs performed as well as or significantly better than those in the control group. One carefully conducted longitudinal study showed mixed results, possibly because students in the bilingual program were introduced to reading in Spanish and English at the same time. A recent study by Finnish researchers on the achievement of Finnish immigrant children in Sweden may have revolutionary significance for the education of linguistic minorities. Their evidence suggests that if children are submersed in instruction in another language before the age of ten, this exerts a destabilizing effect on the development of their native language as a tool for cognitive organization, especially if the children are members of a minority group. At a more fundamental level, the issue may be one of the relative social and cultural status of groups in the community. These issues, vital to the success of bilingual education, can be resolved only by continued research. (AMH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, Cultural Influences, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Equal Education, Federal Programs, Immersion Programs, Intercultural Programs, Language Instruction, Language Learning Levels, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Programs, Minority Groups, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Second Language Learning, Second Languages, Social Influences
National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, 1500 Wilson Boulevard, *u*te 802, Rosslyn, Virginia 22209 ($4.50; over 30--$3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Arlington, VA.
Identifiers: Elementary Secondary Education Act Title VII