ERIC Number: ED157896
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Measuring Achievement at the Primary and Junior Levels: An Analytical Review of Test Instruments Used in Evaluating Pupil Achievement and of Communicating Results to Parents.
Wahlstrom, Merlin W.; And Others
Evaluation instruments and current practices used in measuring achievement in Ontario, Canada elementary schools were examined. An analytical review of currently available achievement measures was made in relation to the objectives of "The Formative Years", a circular issued on the Ontario Minestry on Education. Results of item analyses indicated that all available achievement measures focus strongly on the basic skills objectives of reading, writing, and arithmetic. These findings hold for comprehensive and specific domain measures as well as for most locally-prepared measures. An in-depth examination of the evaluation practices of nine selected school boards revealed that most programs had been instituted as a result of external accountability pressures. The usual first step involved use of norm referenced measures which provided data to meet these needs. Some boards felt, however, that these measures did not meet certain goals regarding relevance to local curriculum and provision of individual prescriptive-diagnostic data, and so began to develop locally-based instruments. A variety of commercial and locally-prepared tests were used in most of the boards studied. Results are used for a great variety of purposes at all levels of a system, but are not communicated directly to parents in any board studied. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Basic Skills, Board of Education Policy, Case Studies, Criterion Referenced Tests, Educational Objectives, Elementary Education, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries, Interviews, Item Analysis, Norm Referenced Tests, Parent Attitudes, Program Costs, Program Descriptions, School Districts, School Readiness Tests, Standardized Tests, State School District Relationship, Test Interpretation, Test Results, Test Reviews, Testing Programs
The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Publications Sales, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1V6 (MF $2.00, HC $5.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto.
Identifiers: Canada; Ontario
Note: For related document, see TM 007 904