ERIC Number: ED065182
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Between and Within Group Cooperation and Competition among Kibbutz and Non-Kibbutz Children.
Shapira, Ariella; Madsen, Millard C.
Israeli Kibbutz and city children, age 8-11, were compared in three experiments in which cooperative-competitive behavior was assessed. City children from the United States were also included in Experiment 3. In Experiments 1 and 2, groups of four children played a cooperation board game in which children represented only themselves in one condition and represented a group in another. Kibbutz groups were more cooperative and were more influenced by the group representation than were city groups. In experiment 3, groups were compared in their selection of a group versus an individual goal. Kibbutz children gave more often to the group than did Israeli or U.S. city children, even under a condition in which the group oriented response was economically nonadaptive. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Early Childhood Research Center.
Identifiers: Israelis; Kibbutzim; United States