ERIC Number: ED063453
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Oct-27
Reference Count: 0
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy in the Classroom: An Attempt to Discover the Processes by Which Expectations Are Communicated. Final Report.
The first of the two experiments reported here was designed to test the assumption that the phenomenological feeling of success or failure can be translated into behavior. Forty-five male undergraduates at Princeton University were given a task to perform. They then received feedback that they had been either very successful, mediocre, or very unsuccessful in their performance. Following their feedback, subjects were shown, via videotape, the picture rating task used by Rosenthal in a previous experiment. It was found, as predicted, that subjects who underwent a successful experience prior to viewing the photographs, viewed the faces pictured in the photographs as being more successful than subjects who underwent neutral or failure experiences. The next study was designed to test the hypothesis that subjects who receive consistent and frequent eye contact from experimenters feel more positively about themselves than subjects who receive very little eye contact. Assistant experimenters, blind as to the hypotheses of the experiment, administered the picture rating task to subjects. Half of the assistant experimenters were instructed to make frequent eye contact with subjects while the other half were instructed to avoid eye contact. To test the hypothesis, subjects' self-evaluations were assessed. [This document has been reproduced from the best available copy.] (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Princeton Univ., NJ.