ERIC Number: ED060053
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Cross-Cultural Comparisons of the Motivation of Young Children to Achieve in School.
Adkins, Dorothy C.
Research on the differences in motivation to achieve in school among 10 groups of four-year-olds utilized a new, 75-item objective projective test called Gumpgookies. This test was individually administered to approximately 2000 children mainly from low economic backgrounds. The various ethnic and religious groups were compared with respect to exact scores on five factors: 1) Instrumental Activity; 2) School Enjoyment; 3) Self-Confidence; 4) Purposiveness; and 5) Self-Evaluation. A series of fixed effects analyses of variance showed significant differences among groups on total score and on all factors except Purposiveness. Significant differences were associated with sex for the School Enjoyment factor. (Author/MS)
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Analysis of Variance, Correlation, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Economically Disadvantaged, Factor Analysis, Learning Motivation, Objective Tests, Personality Assessment, Preschool Children, Projective Measures, Religious Differences, Response Style (Tests), School Attitudes, Self Concept, Self Evaluation, Sex Differences
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Honolulu.
Identifiers: Gumpgookies Test
Note: Paper presented at the XVIth International Congress of Applied Psychology, Liege, Belgium, July 1971