ERIC Number: ED059309
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug-30
Reference Count: 0
Who Are The Poor In Puerto Rico?
Levine, Barry B.; de Cintron, Celia F.
Dichotomous poverty is defined by taking an arbitrary standard of consumption capability as a dividing line between rich and poor. An investigation into dichotomous poverty below the 2000 dollar level will be worthwhile, since, in 1953, the Planning Board announced as a goal the attempt to lift all families above this margin. In 1953, 78 percent of the families had an income below the 2000 dollar dichotomous poverty threshold. Forty-six percent did not reach it in 1963, and 39 percent did not reach it in 1969. The reduction in the percentage of dichotomous poor from 1963 to 1969 was not sufficient to keep up with the population. Between 1963 and 1969, population grew faster than economic progress. Continuous poverty classifies as poor those who fall in a specified bottom percentage of the population in terms of capability to consume. In terms of the distribution of income, the greater the inequality, the greater the amount of continuous poverty. While between 1953 and 1963 the poor earned more, the rest of the society earned even more than proportionately more. Agricultural workers, slum dwellers, families with unemployed or subemployed heads, and recipients of welfare are the groups who have progressed at the lowest rates--the lowest groups have progressed at the slowest rate. [Several pages in this document are not clearly printed and contain editorial markings.] (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Puerto Rico Univ., Rio Piedras.
Identifiers: Puerto Rico
Note: Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Denver, Colo., August 30, 1971