ERIC Number: ED057936
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Texas Migrant Labor. Annual Report 1970.
Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.
The Texas farm labor pool is made up almost entirely of Mexican Americans; many of these are naturalized but the majority are native-born American citizens whose families and ethnic ties remain in and around the border. All of these field workers have, at some time, migrated to a job or in search of a job either interstate or within the boundaries of Texas. Migrant farm workers are part of a distinct subculture in American society and are seemingly thwarted in any attempt to break out; in Texas, 80% of them are boxed in by these facts: family earnings for the most part below poverty level; home base being the most depressed area in the nation; low educational achievement (58% functional illiterates); substandard housing both at home and in the working areas; little health education and insufficient health attention; extremely low competency in English; and a dearth of marketable skills. Figures for 1970 indicate a 7% decrease in migrants and approximately a 10% decrease in job opportunities. Help can come in the form of subsidy and welfare and/or training programs, which need to be expanded. This annual report discusses Texas agriculture and migrant labor, including sections on mechanization in agriculture; alien labor and immigration; the Texas inter-agency task force on migrant labor; scouting and migrant youth; current developments in education, housing, health, and job development; and trends in migration. A related document is ED 040 810. (JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.