ERIC Number: ED047067
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Attitudes of Middle-Class Negroes Toward Separatism in Negro-White Relations. Final Report.
Powell, Blanche Ruth
This study documents the racial attitudes and desires of middle class Negroes in greater New York City area, and explores integration versus separatism preference in the areas of schools, employment, housing, and social relationships. Middle socioeconomic status adults aged 30-55 and comprising samples of 100 each in the Bronx and Harlem were interviewed; most respondents were born in the South but had been living in New York for many years. The groups were somewhat different demographically, that from Harlem being slightly higher in financial and educational attainment. Relating to employment, housing, and schools, data for both groups showed a firm commitment to integration; in the area of close personal primary group social relationships, however, there was a desire for contacts on a single race basis almost exclusively. Responses showed a great awareness of current racial problems but little activity in civil-rights groups. In the acceptance level of whites by Negroes, there was a downhill trend verbalized relating to the past five years. The study findings are considered to indicate a shift in goals from the integrationist views current in 1957; both lower-class and middle-class Negroes displayed a pride in being black and a strong wish to maintain an ethnic identity. A system of cultural pluralism, a pattern held to be already in force with most other groups, is contended to be the goal orientation of blacks. (Author/RJ)
Descriptors: Black Attitudes, Black Education, Black Employment, Black Housing, Civil Rights, Cultural Pluralism, Desegregation Effects, Identification (Psychology), Interviews, Majority Attitudes, Middle Class, Racial Attitudes, Racial Relations, School Desegregation, Social Attitudes, Socioeconomic Status, Whites
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Saint John's Univ., Jamaica, NY.
Identifiers: New York (Bronx); New York (Harlem); New York (New York)