ERIC Number: ED046232
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: N/A
Computers in Knowledge-Based Fields.
Myers, Charles A.
Last in a series of research projects on the implications of technological change and automation, this study is concerned with the use of computers in formal education and educational administration; in library systems and subsystems; in legal, legislative, and related services; in medical and hospital services; and in national and centralized local data banks. The general implications of computers in all five fields are that: (1) busy specialists and professionals will be relieved of time-consuming, repetitive parts of their work; (2) people in these fields will be provided with computer-based programs in solving problems or advancing their knowledge; (3) computer-based systems may help to reduce shortages of specialists and professional personnel; (4) man-machine interaction systems will spread in these fields; (5) organizations will become more centralized in some of their functions, but decentralized decision making may also be strengthened; and (6) in each of these fields, resistance to changing traditional ways of working and traditional handling of information will continue unless systems designers find ways of explaining what they are trying to do and involving those affected in the design and implementation of computer-based systems. (MF)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Oriented Programs, Computers, Decentralization, Digital Computers, Educational Administration, Information Retrieval, Information Storage, Input Output Devices, Libraries, Library Networks, Man Machine Systems, Medical Services, Program Design
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 ($6.95)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge. Alfred P. Sloan School of Management.
Identifiers: Information Transfer Experiments Project; Project INTREX