ERIC Number: ED029695
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Use of the Goodenough Draw-A-Man Test as a Predictor of Academic Achievement.
Schroeder, Glenn B.; Bemis, Katherine A.
In an attempt to find a test which minimized cultural bias, three tests were administered to 335 first grade pupils. The subjects comprised 2 groups (123 Anglo children and 212 Spanish surnamed children). The Goodenough Draw-A-Man Test (GDAM) and the Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Test (LT), Form A, were administered as measures of intelligence. The California Achievement Test (CAT), Form W, 1957 edition, was used as a measure of achievement. Results showed a mean IQ difference between the two groups of 4.39 on the LT and of 2.63 on the GDAM, with the Anglo group scoring higher on both tests. When the CAT scores were covaried with the LT IQ scores the only significant difference found between the two groups at the .01 level was in the "meaning of opposites" subtest. When the CAT scores were covaried with the GDAM IQ scores, differences in six categories were revealed at the .01 level: (1) meaning of opposites, (2) total reading vocabulary, (3) total reading, (4) arithmetic problems, (5) total arithmetic reasoning, and (6) total battery. With this particular population, the GDAM and LT were nearly identical in predicting the CAT. The GDAM tends to bring these two divergent populations closer together as far as IQ scores are concerned. A bibliography and tables are attached. (NT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Southwestern Cooperative Educational Lab., Albuquerque, NM.
Identifiers: California Achievement Tests; Goodenough Draw A Man Test; Lorge Thorndike Intelligence Tests