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ERIC Number: ED022035
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Mobility and Situational Factors in the Adjustment of Older Workers to Job Displacement. Reprint Series 46.
Ferman, Louis A.; Aiken, Michael
Human Organizations, v 26 n4 p235-41 Winter 1967
Research was concerned with determining mobility and situational factors linked to the behavior and attitudes of job-displaced workers, and examining the influence of each variable in explaining the social consequences of unemployment. Data were derived from interviews with 260 white, blue-collar respondents from a larger random sample of former employees of an automobile manufacturing plant which closed operations in 1956. The interviews were conducted in 1958, about 27 months after the shutdown. The major components of adjustment to job displacement selected as dependent variables were: (1) personal alienation as measured by a seven-item version of the Srole Anomia Scale, (2) satisfaction with life as measured by a four-item scale, and (3) social participation as measured by contact with relatives and friends. Independent variables were age, education, skill level, unemployment status, number of months of unemployment, degree of economic deprivation, and the amount of variance explained by each combination of five at a time. Data indicated that the situational factor (the degree of economic deprivation) was more important than the mobility factor (post-displacement job pattern) in shaping the attitudes and behavior of displaced workers. Economic deprivation was more productive of alienatory attitudes and behavior (anomia, dissatisfaction with life, and withdrawal from human contacts) than job mobility. (ET)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adults, Economic Status, Job Layoff, Occupational Mobility, Older Workers, Social Adjustment, Socioeconomic Influences, Unemployment, Vocational Adjustment
Publications Office, Institute of Labor and I dustrial Relations, Museums Annex, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. of Labor and Industrial Relations.