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ERIC Number: ED018486
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
WHITE PLAINS RACIAL BALANCE PLAN.
JOHNSON, CARROLL F.
IN WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK, A SUBURBAN CITY WITH A PUBLIC SCHOOL ENROLLMENT OF 8,700, 17 PERCENT NEGRO, MEASURES WERE TAKEN TO INSURE RACIAL BALANCE THROUGHOUT THE SCHOOL SYSTEM. IN THE PAST THE CITY HAD INITIATED VARIOUS TEMPORARY SCHOOL DESEGREGATION ACTIONS, BUT BY 1964 THE NECESSITY OF A PERMANENT SOLUTION HAD BECOME APPARENT. SINCE AT THE HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL THE CITY'S STUDENTS WERE ALREADY INTEGRATED IN A SINGLE COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL, AND ONLY MINOR EFFORTS WERE REQUIRED TO INTEGRATE THE CITY'S THREE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS, ADMINISTRATORS FOCUSED ON DESEGREGATING THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS. AT THIS TIME ONE 67 PERCENT NEGRO CENTER-CITY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL WAS CLOSED, AND ATTENDANCE AREAS WERE RE-ESTABLISHED SO THAT THE OTHER 10 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS COULD RECEIVE THE TRANSFERRED PUPILS. DEVELOPED BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, THIS PLAN WAS STRONGLY SUPPORTED BY THE SCHOOL SYSTEM'S PRINCIPALS AND SUPERVISORS, THE CITYWIDE PTA COUNCIL, AND THE WHITE PLAINS TEACHERS ASSOCIATION. PRELIMINARY EVALUATIONS INDICATE THAT THE INTEGRATED WHITE AND NEGRO PUPILS ARE MAKING SATISFACTORY ACADEMIC PROGRESS AND THAT THE NEGRO PUPILS ARE MAKING THE NECESSARY PEER GROUP ADJUSTMENTS. MOREOVER THE MAJORITY OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS CONTINUE TO VOICE THEIR SUPPORT. NEVERTHELESS THE TEACHERS HAVE EMPHASIZED A NEED FOR ADEQUATE CLASS SIZE AND SUPPORTIVE SERVICES, AND PARENTS HAVE BEEN SOMEWHAT ANXIOUS ABOUT THEIR CHILDREN'S ADJUSTMENT. THE PTA HAS BEEN WORRIED ABOUT INVOLVING CENTER-CITY NEGRO PARENTS WHOSE CHILDREN ATTEND OUTLYING SCHOOLS. THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED FOR THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY IN AMERICA'S CITIES, SPONSORED BY THE U.S. COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS, WASHINGTON, D.C., NOVEMBER 16-18, 1967. (LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (White Plains)