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ERIC Number: ED018182
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Feb
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
HOW COMMUNITY COLLEGES ARE ORGANIZED, STARTED AND CONTROLLED.
HARPER, WILLIAM A.
THE THREE USUAL WAYS TO ORGANIZE A JUNIOR COLLEGE ARE (1) AS PART OF A COUNTY SCHOOL DISTRICT, (2) IN ITS OWN DISTRICT, AND (3) UNDER THE STATE. FLORIDA USES THE FIRST SYSTEM. ITS ADMINISTRATION IS LIKE ANY OTHER TYPE OF COLLEGE, BUT IT SERVES THE SAME AREA AS THE COUNTY SCHOOLS AND IS RUN BY THE SAME BOARD OF TRUSTEES. IN CASES WHERE IT SERVES MORE THAN ONE COUNTY, IT IS RUN BY THE ONE WHERE IT IS SITUATED, WITH THE HELP OF COMMITTEES FROM THE ADJACENT COUNTIES. THE WHOLE SYSTEM IS COORDINATED BY THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION, WITH A JUNIOR COLLEGE ADVISORY BOARD TO STANDARDIZE CAMPUS PLANNING AND BUILDING. TEXAS USES A DISTRICT PATTERN, COMBINING CITY AND COUNTY. THE COLLEGE HAS ITS OWN TRUSTEES, AND ITS PRESIDENT (NOT THE SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT) IS THE CHIEF ADMINISTRATOR. IT RECEIVES STATE FUNDS, BUT IS NOT STATE-CONTROLLED. ALABAMA FOLLOWS THE STATE-CONTROL SYSTEM. THE COLLEGES ARE ESTABLISHED, ORGANIZED, AND RUN BY THE STATE, WITH CHIEF ADMINISTRATORS AND LOCAL BOARDS FOR DAY-TO-DAY OPERATION. MASSACHUSETTS ALSO HAS A STATE SYSTEM WITH A REGIONAL BOARD TO DETERMINE SITES, FUNDING, ETC. CALIFORNIA, THOUGH NOW USING TWO OF THE SYSTEMS, IS SHIFTING FROM THE UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT TO THE COLLEGE DISTRICT PLAN. IN KENTUCKY, RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE 2-YEAR COLLEGES IS ON THE STATE UNIVERSITY. THE STEPS ARE LISTED FOR ESTABLISHING A COMMUNITY COLLEGE SYSTEM UNDER ONE OR A COMBINATION OF THESE PATTERNS. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN "NATION'S SCHOOLS," VOLUME 77, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1966. (HH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A